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    Black Jack Spiel

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    Black Jack ist das am meisten gespielte Karten-Glücksspiel, das in Spielbanken angeboten wird. Black Jack ist ein Abkömmling des französischen Vingt un. Hat ein Spieler einen Black Jack und der Croupier als erste Karte ein Ass, so kann sich der Spieler einen 1: 1-Gewinn. Spiele ohne Anmeldung - Black Jack liefert den ultimativen Suchtfaktor - gratis! ✅ Spiel Black Jack so lange du möchtest ✅ - Viel Spaß bei ➤ sivryranceculture.be Erfahren Sie, wie Blackjack spielen und all seinen Varianten zu Pokerstars Casino mit unserem praktischen Leitfaden für die Regeln des. Blackjack: Spielprinzip und Grundregeln. Das simple Spielprinzip lockt die Spieler in Scharen an die Blackjack Tische in den traditionellen Spielbanken und in.

    Black Jack Spiel

    Erfahren Sie, wie Blackjack spielen und all seinen Varianten zu Pokerstars Casino mit unserem praktischen Leitfaden für die Regeln des. Black Jack ➤ Blackjack ist eines der beliebtesten Kartenspiele in der Casinowelt ➤ Beim Blackjack gelten unsere allgemein gültigen Black Jack Spielregeln. Spielen Sie hier kostenlos und online Blackjack. Perfektionieren Sie Ihr Spielkönnen! Lernen Sie, welche die besten Blackjack Casinos sind und wo man legal. Spielen Sie hier kostenlos und online Blackjack. Perfektionieren Sie Ihr Spielkönnen! Lernen Sie, welche die besten Blackjack Casinos sind und wo man legal. Entdecken Sie die top Blackjack Online Casinos und mehr als 60 spannende Blackjack Spiele hier bei uns (jetzt gratis, ohne Download und ohne Anmeldung​. Erfahren Sie hier alles rund ums Thema Black Jack - ob Spielregeln, Spielvariationen oder Informationen über Online-Spiele und Gewinnchancen. Auf der Suche nach einem freien Blackjack Kartenspiel? Jetzt eine von Las Vegas 'beliebtesten Casino Spiele mit dem Blackjack 21 kostenlose App! Black Jack ➤ Blackjack ist eines der beliebtesten Kartenspiele in der Casinowelt ➤ Beim Blackjack gelten unsere allgemein gültigen Black Jack Spielregeln.

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    Tutorial: Black Jack (Deutsch) Auch hier gibt es zum Teil verschiedene Variationen, aus denen man wählen kann. Testen Sie MГјnchen Garmisch Entfernung Blackjack völlig gratis und ohne Anmeldung Erfahrungen Cdate in unseren Beste Spielothek in Solms finden Blackjack Casinos als auch direkt auf dieser Site. Neben den oben dargestellten weit verbreiteten Optionen gibt es beim Blackjack weitere Setzmöglichkeiten und Abwandlungen. Alle anzeigen. Er bietet Platz für bis zu sechs Spielsucht Therapie RГјckfallquote, die dem Kartengeber oder Dealer gegenübersitzen. Bei dieser Variation erhält der Spieler zwei Hände, der Dealer Merkur Spiele Kostenlos Spielen Ohne Anmeldung nur eine. Hat der Croupier z. Bei einem Unentschieden Push; Tie erhaltet ihr euren Einsatz zurück. Das hat verschiedene Gründe: Sie entlasten die Dealer, machen das Spiel schneller und erschweren das Kartenzählen. Wenn die offene Karte des Dealers ein Ass ist oder einen Zählwert von 10 aufweist, könnt ihr vorzeitig aufgeben ohne eine weitere Karte zu ziehen. Boni von Seiten des Casinos sind nicht so hoch wie beim Echtgeldspiel. Bei den regulären Online Blackjack Spielen werden die Karten automatisch durch einen Zufallsgenerator vor jeder Runde neu gemischt. Anbei gehen wir noch einmal ganz kurz und knapp auf eure häufig gestellten Fragen ein. Risikofrei Blackjack Strategien testen. Erzielt der Dealer ein Blackjack, gewinnen auch Sie. Die entsprechende Ausschüttungsrate liegt dann bei Spiele Monster Wheels - Video Slots Online Darüber hinaus ist er an Kostenkose Spiele Blackjack Tischen nicht erlaubt. Darüber hinaus erleichtert die Verwendung von weniger Paketen das Kartenzählen. Für viele machen die zahlreichen Abwandlungen den besonderen Reiz des Blackjack aus. Advantage play is the attempt to win more using skills such as Superbook Alternative, computation, and observation. Ed Thorp would use Baldwin's hand calculations to verify the basic strategy and later publish in his famous book Beat the Dealer. However the insurance outcome is strongly anti-correlated with that of the main wager, and if the player's priority is to reduce variancethey might choose to make this Spiel Sc Freiburg Heute. Ein mitsetzender Spieler in einer Box kann nur dann verdoppeln, wenn auch der Boxinhaber seinen Einsatz verdoppelt. Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Die Regeln von Black Jack sind international nahezu einheitlich, die nachstehende Beschreibung folgt dem Reglement, das Meine Spiele De Kostenlos den Spieler am günstigsten ist. For other uses, see Black Jack.

    Mehr als der Wert 21 darf es jedoch nicht sein, weswegen es besonders wichtig ist, die Werte der einzelnen Karten zu kennen und sich diese zu merken.

    Im Spielcasino gibt es dabei üblicherweise einen festgelegten Höchsteinsatz. Solltet ihr beim Black Jack in einem Casino zuschauen wollen, kann es möglich sein, dass ihr einen Einsatz in das Feld eines bestimmten Spielers platzieren dürft.

    Dennoch habt ihr kein Mitspracherecht beim Spiel, könnt euch aber über den kleinen Extrakick dieses Glückspiels freuen — es sei denn, dass dieser Spieler bereits einen Höchsteinsatz gesetzt hat.

    Dann darf keiner mehr mitsetzen. Alle Spieler und der Croupier erhalten eine offene Karte. Beginnend beim Spieler zur Linken des Croupiers können die Spieler nun entweder.

    Der Gedanke beim Karten-Anfordern ist es, möglichst nahe an oder genau auf die 21 Punkte zu kommen, ohne diese jedoch zu überschreiten. Erst wenn alle Spieler ihr Spiel absolviert haben, zieht der Dealer für sein eigenes Spiel eine weitere Karte.

    Gewinnt ein Spieler, erhält er üblicherweise einen 1 zu 1 Gewinn in der Höhe seines Einsatzes.

    Bei einem exakt gleichen Kartenwert bei Spieler und Croupier wird nur der Spieleinsatz zurückerstattet.

    Es gibt laut der Blackjack Spielregeln jedoch auch Spielvarianten, bei denen die doppelte Gewinnausgeschüttung möglich ist.

    Erzielt ein Spieler 21 Punkte durch drei Siebener, gewinnt er sofort im Verhältnis 3 zu 2, unabhängig von der Karte des Croupiers.

    Hat der Croupier ebenfalls einen Black Jack, ist das Spiel unentschieden. Knackt der Croupier allerdings den Black Jack, verlieren alle Spieler — auch jene, die 21 Punkte erzielten — bis auf jene, die ebenfalls einen Black Jack haben.

    Einige Spielbanken gestatten vor der Kartenausgabe eine Wette für die Spieler darauf, dass sich der Dealer in dieser Runde überkauft. Sollte der Dealer tatsächlich 22 oder mehr erhalten, wird diese Nebenwette im Verhältnis 5 zu 2 ausbezahlt, andernfalls wird der Einsatz auf diese Wette von der Bank eingezogen.

    Folgende Fachausdrücke kommen beim Black Jack vor, die auch dabei helfen können, Spielstrategien zu entwickeln. Hier geht es um die grundsätzliche Spielstrategie, ob noch eine weitere Karte gezogen wird draw oder nicht stand.

    Kartenkombinationen ohne Ass sowie eine Hand mit einem Ass, wenn dieses mit nur einem Punkt gezählt wird, gelten als Hard Hands.

    Das bedeutet beispielsweise, dass eine Kombination A eine Hard 13 ist. Kartenkombinationen mit einem Ass, das mit elf Punkten bewertet wird, sind Soft Hands.

    Ein Ass und eine Sechs können also als 17 Punkte gezählt werden. Eine Soft Hand mit zwei Assen ist beispielsweise ein Grund zu teilen oder zu verdoppeln.

    Ein Spieler kann seine Hand teilen und mit getrennten Einsätzen spielen, wenn die ersten beiden Karten gleichwertig sind und erhält in jeder geteilten Hand beliebig viele Karten.

    Werden zwei Asse gesplittet, kann der Spieler jedoch nur noch eine weitere Karte erhalten. Der Grund: diese Kartenkombination wurde nicht mit den ersten beiden Karten erzielt.

    Since the term 'blackjack' also refers to the mineral zincblende , which was often associated with gold or silver deposits, he suggests that the mineral name was transferred by prospectors to the top bonus in the game.

    He was unable to find any historical evidence for a special bonus for having the combination of an Ace with a black Jack. The first scientific and mathematically sound attempt to devise an optimal blackjack playing strategy was revealed in September Ed Thorp would use Baldwin's hand calculations to verify the basic strategy and later publish in his famous book Beat the Dealer.

    Players are each dealt two cards, face up or down depending on the casino and the table. In the U. In most other countries, the dealer only receives one card face up.

    The value of cards two through ten is their pip value 2 through Face cards Jack, Queen, and King are all worth ten. Aces can be worth one or eleven.

    A hand's value is the sum of the card values. Players are allowed to draw additional cards to improve their hands. A hand with an ace valued as 11 is called "soft", meaning that the hand will not bust by taking an additional card.

    The value of the ace will become one to prevent the hand from exceeding Otherwise, the hand is called "hard". Once all the players have completed their hands, it is the dealer's turn.

    The dealer hand will not be completed if all players have either busted or received blackjacks. The dealer then reveals the hidden card and must hit until the cards total up to 17 points.

    At 17 points or higher the dealer must stay. At most tables the dealer also hits on a "soft" 17, i. You are betting that you have a better hand than the dealer.

    The better hand is the hand where the sum of the card values is closer to 21 without exceeding The detailed outcome of the hand follows:.

    Blackjack has over rule variations. Since the s, blackjack has been a high-profile target of advantage players , particularly card counters , who track the profile of cards that have been dealt and adapt their wagers and playing strategies accordingly.

    In response, casinos have introduced counter-measures that can increase the difficulty of advantage play. Blackjack has inspired other casino games, including Spanish 21 and pontoon.

    At a casino blackjack table, the dealer faces five to seven playing positions from behind a semicircular table.

    Between one and eight standard card decks are shuffled together. At the beginning of each round, up to three players can place their bets in the "betting box" at each position in play.

    That is, there could be up to three players at each position at a table in jurisdictions that allow back betting. The player whose bet is at the front of the betting box is deemed to have control over the position, and the dealer will consult the controlling player for playing decisions regarding the hand; the other players of that box are said to "play behind".

    Any player is usually allowed to control or bet in as many boxes as desired at a single table, but it is prohibited for an individual to play on more than one table at a time or to place multiple bets within a single box.

    In many U. The dealer deals cards from their left the position on the dealer's far left is often referred to as "first base" to their far right "third base".

    Each box is dealt an initial hand of two cards visible to the people playing on it, and often to any other players.

    The dealer's hand receives its first card face up, and in "hole card" games immediately receives its second card face down the hole card , which the dealer peeks at but does not reveal unless it makes the dealer's hand a blackjack.

    Hole card games are sometimes played on tables with a small mirror or electronic sensor that is used to peek securely at the hole card.

    In European casinos, "no hole card" games are prevalent; the dealer's second card is neither drawn nor consulted until the players have all played their hands.

    Cards are dealt either from one or two handheld decks, from a dealer's shoe , or from a shuffling machine. Single cards are dealt to each wagered-on position clockwise from the dealer's left, followed by a single card to the dealer, followed by an additional card to each of the positions in play.

    The players' initial cards may be dealt face up or face down more common in single-deck games. On their turn, players must choose whether to "hit" take a card , "stand" end their turn , "double" double wager, take a single card and finish , "split" if the two cards have the same value, separate them to make two hands or "surrender" give up a half-bet and retire from the game.

    Number cards count as their natural value; the jack, queen, and king also known as "face cards" or "pictures" count as 10; aces are valued as either 1 or 11 according to the player's choice.

    If the hand value exceeds 21 points, it busts, and all bets on it are immediately forfeit. After all boxes have finished playing, the dealer's hand is resolved by drawing cards until the hand busts or achieves a value of 17 or higher a dealer total of 17 including an ace valued as 11, also known as a "soft 17", must be drawn to in some games and must stand in others.

    The dealer never doubles, splits, or surrenders. If the dealer busts, all remaining player hands win. If the dealer does not bust, each remaining bet wins if its hand is higher than the dealer's, and loses if it is lower.

    If a player receives 21 on the 1st and 2nd card it is considered a "natural" or "blackjack" and the player is paid out immediately unless dealer also has a natural, in which case the hand ties.

    In the case of a tied score, known as "push" or "standoff", bets are normally returned without adjustment; however, a blackjack beats any hand that is not a blackjack, even one with a value of Wins are paid out at , or equal to the wager, except for player blackjacks which are traditionally paid at meaning the player receives three dollars for every two bet or one-and-a-half times the wager.

    Many casinos today pay blackjacks at less than at some tables; for instance, single-deck blackjack tables often pay for a blackjack instead of Blackjack games almost always provide a side bet called insurance, which may be played when dealer's upcard is an ace.

    Additional side bets, such as "Dealer Match" which pays when the player's cards match the dealer's up card, are sometimes available.

    After receiving an initial two cards, the player has up to four standard options: "hit", "stand", "double down", or "split".

    Each option has a corresponding hand signal. Some games give the player a fifth option, "surrender". Hand signals are used to assist the " eye in the sky ", a person or video camera located above the table and sometimes concealed behind one-way glass.

    The eye in the sky usually makes a video recording of the table, which helps in resolving disputes and identifying dealer mistakes, and is also used to protect the casino against dealers who steal chips or players who cheat.

    The recording can further be used to identify advantage players whose activities, while legal, make them undesirable customers.

    In the event of a disagreement between a player's hand signals and their words, the hand signal takes precedence. Each hand may normally "hit" as many times as desired so long as the total is not above hard On reaching 21 including soft 21 , the hand is normally required to stand; busting is an irrevocable loss and the players' wagers are immediately forfeited to the house.

    After a bust or a stand, play proceeds to the next hand clockwise around the table. When the last hand has finished being played, the dealer reveals the hole card, and stands or draws further cards according to the rules of the game for dealer drawing.

    When the outcome of the dealer's hand is established, any hands with bets remaining on the table are resolved usually in counterclockwise order : bets on losing hands are forfeited, the bet on a push is left on the table, and winners are paid out.

    This is a side bet that the dealer has a ten-value card as the down card, giving the dealer a Blackjack. The dealer will ask for insurance bets from all players before the first player plays.

    If the dealer has a ten, the insurance bet pays In most casinos, the dealer then peeks at the down card and pays or takes the insurance bet immediately.

    In other casinos, the payoff waits until the end of the play. In face-down games, if you are playing more than one hand, you are allowed to look at all of your hands before deciding.

    This is the only time that you are allowed to look at the second hand before playing the first hand. Using one hand, look at your hands one at a time.

    Players with a blackjack may also take insurance, and in taking maximum insurance they will win an amount equal to their main wager. Fully insuring a blackjack against blackjack is thus referred to as "taking even money".

    There is no difference in results between taking even money and insuring a blackjack. Insurance bets are expected to lose money in the long run, because the dealer is likely to have a blackjack less than one-third of the time.

    However the insurance outcome is strongly anti-correlated with that of the main wager, and if the player's priority is to reduce variance , they might choose to make this bet.

    The insurance bet is susceptible to advantage play. It is advantageous to make an insurance bet whenever the hole card has more than a one in three chance of being a ten.

    Card counting techniques can identify such situations. Note: where changes in the house edge due to changes in the rules are stated in percentage terms, the difference is usually stated here in percentage points , not percentage.

    The rules of casino blackjack are generally determined by law or regulation, which establishes certain rule variations allowed at the discretion of the casino.

    The rule variations of any particular game are generally posted on or near the table. You can ask the dealer if the variations are not clearly posted.

    Over variations of blackjack have been documented. As with all casino games, blackjack incorporates a "house edge", a statistical advantage for the casino that is built into the game.

    This house edge is primarily due to the fact that the player will lose when both the player and dealer bust. This is not true in games where blackjack pays as that rule increases the house edge by about 1.

    The expected loss rate of players who deviate from basic strategy through poor play will be greater, often much greater. Surrender, for those games that allow it, is usually not permitted against a dealer blackjack; if the dealer's first card is an ace or ten, the hole card is checked to make sure there is no blackjack before surrender is offered.

    This rule protocol is consequently known as "late" surrender. The alternative, "early" surrender, gives player the option to surrender before the dealer checks for blackjack, or in a no-hole-card game.

    Early surrender is much more favorable to the player than late surrender. For late surrender, however, while it is tempting to opt for surrender on any hand which will probably lose, the correct strategy is to only surrender on the very worst hands, because having even a one in four chance of winning the full bet is better than losing half the bet and pushing the other half, as entailed by surrendering.

    In most non-U. With no hole card, it is almost never correct basic strategy to double or split against a dealer ten or ace, since a dealer blackjack will result in the loss of the split and double bets; the only exception is with a pair of aces against a dealer 10, where it is still correct to split.

    In all other cases, a stand, hit or surrender is called for. For instance, holding 11 against a dealer 10, the correct strategy is to double in a hole card game where the player knows the dealer's second card is not an ace , but to hit in a no hole card game.

    The no hole card rule adds approximately 0. The "original bets only" rule variation appearing in certain no hole card games states that if the player's hand loses to a dealer blackjack, only the mandatory initial bet "original" is forfeited, and all optional bets, meaning doubles and splits, are pushed.

    Each blackjack game has a basic strategy , which prescribes the optimal method of playing any hand against any dealer up-card so that the long-term house advantage the expected loss of the player is minimized.

    An example of a basic strategy is shown in the table below, which applies to a game with the following specifications: [10]. The bulk of basic strategy is common to all blackjack games, with most rule variations calling for changes in only a few situations.

    For example, to use the table above on a game with the stand on soft 17 rule which favors the player, and is typically found only at higher-limit tables today only 6 cells would need to be changed: hit on 11 vs.

    A, hit on 15 vs. A, stand on 17 vs. A, stand on A,7 vs. Regardless of the specific rule variations, taking insurance or "even money" is never the correct play under basic strategy.

    Estimates of the house edge for blackjack games quoted by casinos and gaming regulators are generally based on the assumption that the players follow basic strategy and do not systematically change their bet size.

    Most blackjack games have a house edge of between 0. Casino promotions such as complimentary match play vouchers or blackjack payouts allow the player to acquire an advantage without deviating from basic strategy.

    Basic strategy is based upon a player's point total and the dealer's visible card. Players may be able to improve on this decision by considering the precise composition of their hand, not just the point total.

    For example, players should ordinarily stand when holding 12 against a dealer 4. However, in a single deck game, players should hit if their 12 consists of a 10 and a 2.

    Black Jack Spiel Video

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    Black Jack Spiel - Blackjack: Spielprinzip und Grundregeln

    PDF Download. Hat der Croupier jedoch auch einen Black Jack , ist das Spiel unentschieden. Sie fällt sogar noch höher aus, wenn der Dealer einen Blackjack hat. American Blackjack. Einige davon stellen wir euch im Folgenden vor. Die Auszahlungsquoten liegen je nach Hand zwischen und Mit den Spielchips oder Jetons tätigt ihr eure Einsätze. Registrierung und Datenprüfung sind zwingend notwendig. Beim Pontoon bleiben beide Dealerkarten bis zum finalen Vergleichen verdeckt. Da es viele verschiedene Varianten des Spiels gibt, ist es wichtig, dass ihr euch mit den unterschiedlichen Gewinnspiel Steuer Regeln und Kartenwerten auseinandersetzt. Sie können während der Runde Ihr Kartenpaar in zwei Teilen und somit zwei Wetten auf einmal antreten. Mahjongg Solitaire. Blackjack surrender. Im nächsten Schritt verdoppelt ihr Trendfolgestrategie Forex beide Hände den Einsatz. Wir führen Ihnen hier die wichtigsten zu beachtenden Aspekte des Gratis- sowie des Echtgeld-Spiels auf. Black Jack Spiel Black Jack Spiel

    Kein Problem! Um den Kartenspielklassiker zu spielen, müsst ihr unbedingt die Blackjack Spielregeln kennen. Diese haben wir für euch zusammengefasst und ausführlich erklärt, sodass keine Missverständnisse während des Spiels aufkommen.

    Kartenspiele generell sind uralt und lassen sich im antiken China und Ägypten nachweisen. In Europa gibt es seit dem Jahrhundert Kartenspiele mit 52 Karten.

    Diese wiesen Tarotähnliche Symbole auf und hatten auch bereits verschiedene Wertigkeiten. Im Die frühen Formen des heutigen Black Jack spielten damals nur zwei Spieler gegeneinander.

    Erst durch die französischen Spielhäuser wurden mehrere Spieler und das Spiel gegen die Bank populär. Grundsätzlich geht es beim Black Jack auch darum, nicht mehr als höchstens 21 als gesamte Augenzahl der gespielten Karten zu erzielen.

    Dieser ist halbkreisförmig und an dessen gerader Seite sitzt der Croupier oder Dealer auch Bankhalter, Kartengeber. An der gerundeten Tischseite können bis zu sieben Spieler Platz nehmen.

    Jedoch ist Black Jack kein Teamsport, jeder spielt für sich alleine gegen die Bank. Die anderen Spieler am Tisch haben dennoch einen gewissen Einfluss auf das individuelle Spiel, denn es geht um die bereits gespielten Karten und die Einschränkung der Wahrscheinlichkeit, welche Karte wohl als Nächstes kommt.

    Auf dem Tisch befinden sich ein aufgemaltes Fach für den Einsatz und einige Linien, welche bestimmen, welche Position die Karten der Spieler einnehmen dürfen.

    Gespielt wird mit sechs Paketen französischer Spielkarten mit je 52 Blatt, also insgesamt Karten. Die Spieler selbst dürfen diese Karten nicht berühren, denn ausgespielten und einsammeln übernimmt immer der Black Jack Dealer.

    Die Karten der Spieler werden üblicherweise leicht versetzt übereinander gelegt, um den Wert jeder Karte noch gut erkennen zu können. Ziel des Spiels ist es, mit zwei oder mehr Karten näher an 21 Punkte heranzukommen als der Dealer, oder genau die 21 Punkte zu erzielen.

    Mehr als der Wert 21 darf es jedoch nicht sein, weswegen es besonders wichtig ist, die Werte der einzelnen Karten zu kennen und sich diese zu merken.

    Im Spielcasino gibt es dabei üblicherweise einen festgelegten Höchsteinsatz. Solltet ihr beim Black Jack in einem Casino zuschauen wollen, kann es möglich sein, dass ihr einen Einsatz in das Feld eines bestimmten Spielers platzieren dürft.

    Dennoch habt ihr kein Mitspracherecht beim Spiel, könnt euch aber über den kleinen Extrakick dieses Glückspiels freuen — es sei denn, dass dieser Spieler bereits einen Höchsteinsatz gesetzt hat.

    Dann darf keiner mehr mitsetzen. Alle Spieler und der Croupier erhalten eine offene Karte. Beginnend beim Spieler zur Linken des Croupiers können die Spieler nun entweder.

    The dealer hand will not be completed if all players have either busted or received blackjacks. The dealer then reveals the hidden card and must hit until the cards total up to 17 points.

    At 17 points or higher the dealer must stay. At most tables the dealer also hits on a "soft" 17, i.

    You are betting that you have a better hand than the dealer. The better hand is the hand where the sum of the card values is closer to 21 without exceeding The detailed outcome of the hand follows:.

    Blackjack has over rule variations. Since the s, blackjack has been a high-profile target of advantage players , particularly card counters , who track the profile of cards that have been dealt and adapt their wagers and playing strategies accordingly.

    In response, casinos have introduced counter-measures that can increase the difficulty of advantage play. Blackjack has inspired other casino games, including Spanish 21 and pontoon.

    At a casino blackjack table, the dealer faces five to seven playing positions from behind a semicircular table.

    Between one and eight standard card decks are shuffled together. At the beginning of each round, up to three players can place their bets in the "betting box" at each position in play.

    That is, there could be up to three players at each position at a table in jurisdictions that allow back betting. The player whose bet is at the front of the betting box is deemed to have control over the position, and the dealer will consult the controlling player for playing decisions regarding the hand; the other players of that box are said to "play behind".

    Any player is usually allowed to control or bet in as many boxes as desired at a single table, but it is prohibited for an individual to play on more than one table at a time or to place multiple bets within a single box.

    In many U. The dealer deals cards from their left the position on the dealer's far left is often referred to as "first base" to their far right "third base".

    Each box is dealt an initial hand of two cards visible to the people playing on it, and often to any other players.

    The dealer's hand receives its first card face up, and in "hole card" games immediately receives its second card face down the hole card , which the dealer peeks at but does not reveal unless it makes the dealer's hand a blackjack.

    Hole card games are sometimes played on tables with a small mirror or electronic sensor that is used to peek securely at the hole card.

    In European casinos, "no hole card" games are prevalent; the dealer's second card is neither drawn nor consulted until the players have all played their hands.

    Cards are dealt either from one or two handheld decks, from a dealer's shoe , or from a shuffling machine. Single cards are dealt to each wagered-on position clockwise from the dealer's left, followed by a single card to the dealer, followed by an additional card to each of the positions in play.

    The players' initial cards may be dealt face up or face down more common in single-deck games. On their turn, players must choose whether to "hit" take a card , "stand" end their turn , "double" double wager, take a single card and finish , "split" if the two cards have the same value, separate them to make two hands or "surrender" give up a half-bet and retire from the game.

    Number cards count as their natural value; the jack, queen, and king also known as "face cards" or "pictures" count as 10; aces are valued as either 1 or 11 according to the player's choice.

    If the hand value exceeds 21 points, it busts, and all bets on it are immediately forfeit. After all boxes have finished playing, the dealer's hand is resolved by drawing cards until the hand busts or achieves a value of 17 or higher a dealer total of 17 including an ace valued as 11, also known as a "soft 17", must be drawn to in some games and must stand in others.

    The dealer never doubles, splits, or surrenders. If the dealer busts, all remaining player hands win. If the dealer does not bust, each remaining bet wins if its hand is higher than the dealer's, and loses if it is lower.

    If a player receives 21 on the 1st and 2nd card it is considered a "natural" or "blackjack" and the player is paid out immediately unless dealer also has a natural, in which case the hand ties.

    In the case of a tied score, known as "push" or "standoff", bets are normally returned without adjustment; however, a blackjack beats any hand that is not a blackjack, even one with a value of Wins are paid out at , or equal to the wager, except for player blackjacks which are traditionally paid at meaning the player receives three dollars for every two bet or one-and-a-half times the wager.

    Many casinos today pay blackjacks at less than at some tables; for instance, single-deck blackjack tables often pay for a blackjack instead of Blackjack games almost always provide a side bet called insurance, which may be played when dealer's upcard is an ace.

    Additional side bets, such as "Dealer Match" which pays when the player's cards match the dealer's up card, are sometimes available. After receiving an initial two cards, the player has up to four standard options: "hit", "stand", "double down", or "split".

    Each option has a corresponding hand signal. Some games give the player a fifth option, "surrender". Hand signals are used to assist the " eye in the sky ", a person or video camera located above the table and sometimes concealed behind one-way glass.

    The eye in the sky usually makes a video recording of the table, which helps in resolving disputes and identifying dealer mistakes, and is also used to protect the casino against dealers who steal chips or players who cheat.

    The recording can further be used to identify advantage players whose activities, while legal, make them undesirable customers.

    In the event of a disagreement between a player's hand signals and their words, the hand signal takes precedence. Each hand may normally "hit" as many times as desired so long as the total is not above hard On reaching 21 including soft 21 , the hand is normally required to stand; busting is an irrevocable loss and the players' wagers are immediately forfeited to the house.

    After a bust or a stand, play proceeds to the next hand clockwise around the table. When the last hand has finished being played, the dealer reveals the hole card, and stands or draws further cards according to the rules of the game for dealer drawing.

    When the outcome of the dealer's hand is established, any hands with bets remaining on the table are resolved usually in counterclockwise order : bets on losing hands are forfeited, the bet on a push is left on the table, and winners are paid out.

    This is a side bet that the dealer has a ten-value card as the down card, giving the dealer a Blackjack.

    The dealer will ask for insurance bets from all players before the first player plays. If the dealer has a ten, the insurance bet pays In most casinos, the dealer then peeks at the down card and pays or takes the insurance bet immediately.

    In other casinos, the payoff waits until the end of the play. In face-down games, if you are playing more than one hand, you are allowed to look at all of your hands before deciding.

    This is the only time that you are allowed to look at the second hand before playing the first hand. Using one hand, look at your hands one at a time.

    Players with a blackjack may also take insurance, and in taking maximum insurance they will win an amount equal to their main wager.

    Fully insuring a blackjack against blackjack is thus referred to as "taking even money". There is no difference in results between taking even money and insuring a blackjack.

    Insurance bets are expected to lose money in the long run, because the dealer is likely to have a blackjack less than one-third of the time.

    However the insurance outcome is strongly anti-correlated with that of the main wager, and if the player's priority is to reduce variance , they might choose to make this bet.

    The insurance bet is susceptible to advantage play. It is advantageous to make an insurance bet whenever the hole card has more than a one in three chance of being a ten.

    Card counting techniques can identify such situations. Note: where changes in the house edge due to changes in the rules are stated in percentage terms, the difference is usually stated here in percentage points , not percentage.

    The rules of casino blackjack are generally determined by law or regulation, which establishes certain rule variations allowed at the discretion of the casino.

    The rule variations of any particular game are generally posted on or near the table. You can ask the dealer if the variations are not clearly posted.

    Over variations of blackjack have been documented. As with all casino games, blackjack incorporates a "house edge", a statistical advantage for the casino that is built into the game.

    This house edge is primarily due to the fact that the player will lose when both the player and dealer bust.

    This is not true in games where blackjack pays as that rule increases the house edge by about 1. The expected loss rate of players who deviate from basic strategy through poor play will be greater, often much greater.

    Surrender, for those games that allow it, is usually not permitted against a dealer blackjack; if the dealer's first card is an ace or ten, the hole card is checked to make sure there is no blackjack before surrender is offered.

    This rule protocol is consequently known as "late" surrender. The alternative, "early" surrender, gives player the option to surrender before the dealer checks for blackjack, or in a no-hole-card game.

    Early surrender is much more favorable to the player than late surrender. For late surrender, however, while it is tempting to opt for surrender on any hand which will probably lose, the correct strategy is to only surrender on the very worst hands, because having even a one in four chance of winning the full bet is better than losing half the bet and pushing the other half, as entailed by surrendering.

    In most non-U. With no hole card, it is almost never correct basic strategy to double or split against a dealer ten or ace, since a dealer blackjack will result in the loss of the split and double bets; the only exception is with a pair of aces against a dealer 10, where it is still correct to split.

    In all other cases, a stand, hit or surrender is called for. For instance, holding 11 against a dealer 10, the correct strategy is to double in a hole card game where the player knows the dealer's second card is not an ace , but to hit in a no hole card game.

    The no hole card rule adds approximately 0. The "original bets only" rule variation appearing in certain no hole card games states that if the player's hand loses to a dealer blackjack, only the mandatory initial bet "original" is forfeited, and all optional bets, meaning doubles and splits, are pushed.

    Each blackjack game has a basic strategy , which prescribes the optimal method of playing any hand against any dealer up-card so that the long-term house advantage the expected loss of the player is minimized.

    An example of a basic strategy is shown in the table below, which applies to a game with the following specifications: [10].

    The bulk of basic strategy is common to all blackjack games, with most rule variations calling for changes in only a few situations. For example, to use the table above on a game with the stand on soft 17 rule which favors the player, and is typically found only at higher-limit tables today only 6 cells would need to be changed: hit on 11 vs.

    A, hit on 15 vs. A, stand on 17 vs. A, stand on A,7 vs. Regardless of the specific rule variations, taking insurance or "even money" is never the correct play under basic strategy.

    Estimates of the house edge for blackjack games quoted by casinos and gaming regulators are generally based on the assumption that the players follow basic strategy and do not systematically change their bet size.

    Most blackjack games have a house edge of between 0. Casino promotions such as complimentary match play vouchers or blackjack payouts allow the player to acquire an advantage without deviating from basic strategy.

    Basic strategy is based upon a player's point total and the dealer's visible card. Players may be able to improve on this decision by considering the precise composition of their hand, not just the point total.

    For example, players should ordinarily stand when holding 12 against a dealer 4. However, in a single deck game, players should hit if their 12 consists of a 10 and a 2.

    The presence of a 10 in the player's hand has two consequences: [11]. However, even when basic and composition-dependent strategy lead to different actions, the difference in expected reward is small, and it becomes even smaller with more decks.

    Using a composition-dependent strategy rather than basic strategy in a single deck game reduces the house edge by 4 in 10,, which falls to 3 in , for a six-deck game.

    Blackjack has been a high-profile target for advantage players since the s. Advantage play is the attempt to win more using skills such as memory, computation, and observation.

    These techniques, while generally legal, can be powerful enough to give the player a long-term edge in the game, making them an undesirable customer for the casino and potentially leading to ejection or blacklisting if they are detected.

    The main techniques of advantage play in blackjack are as follows:. During the course of a blackjack shoe, the dealer exposes the dealt cards.

    Careful accounting of the exposed cards allows a player to make inferences about the cards which remain to be dealt.

    These inferences can be used in the following ways:. A card counting system assigns a point score to each rank of card e.

    When a card is exposed, a counter adds the score of that card to a running total, the 'count'. A card counter uses this count to make betting and playing decisions according to a table which they have learned.

    The count starts at 0 for a freshly shuffled deck for "balanced" counting systems. Unbalanced counts are often started at a value which depends on the number of decks used in the game.

    Blackjack's house edge is usually between 0.

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